Tag Archives | India

Women on Corporate Boards: Global Trends for Promoting Diversity

WomenOnBoardsWe last explored the topic of gender diversity on boards, in particular the underrepresentation of women on them, late in 2012, but much has happened globally on the subject since then. More companies have adopted regulation on the issue that range from “comply-or-explain” rules to quotas for the percentage of women on boards.

A 2014 Grant Thornton report, Women in Business: From Classroom to Boardroom, finds more leaders warming to a quota system, with 45% of international business leaders supporting quotas — up from 37% just a year ago.

Below is a brief summary of some of the most recent developments concerning women on boards. Continue Reading →

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Cairn India Limited: Corporate Governance Alert

cairnCairn India is an oil and gas exploration and production company, headquartered in Gurgaon, India. It is a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources. Cairn India is one of the largest independent oil and gas exploration and production companies in India.

InGovern, India’s first independent proxy advisory and corporate governance research firm. reports that Cairn is giving loan of USD 1.25 billion to a group company, a foreign subsidiary of Sesa Sterlite Limited, at Libor plus 300 basis points for a 2-year period. The company has already disbursed $800 million, even before informing the shareholders. The disclosure is being made post hoc.
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SEBI's New Disclosure Guidelines for Mutual Funds

InGovernimagesGuest post from Shriram Subramanian, founder of InGovern Research Services with the objective of facilitating shareholder activism by institutional investors and thereby enhancing corporate governance in India. Proxy Advisory Services, Corporate Governance Research, Risk Monitoring, and Proxy Services. India’s SEBI, through a circular dated March 24th, 2014, released a new set of disclosure guidelines to be followed by mutual funds. These guidelines will be applicable from April 1st, 2014. Some of the important guidelines are: Continue Reading →
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Video Friday: SEBI vs Companies Act, 2013

SebiI don’t follow corporate governance in India as much as I would like but this video explains some recent reforms too important to ignore.

To exhort listed companies and their top executives to follow ‘good business practices’, regulator Sebi cleared new corporate governance norms that require them to justify CEO salaries, put in place whistle-blower policies and have orderly succession plans.  Continue Reading →

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India Proxy Season 2013 Analysis From InGovern

InGovernA recent report by InGovern Research Services analyzes patterns in the resolutions proposed by Indian listed companies in the just concluded 2013 proxy voting season. The data has been collated and analyzed from a coverage universe of 585 companies forming part of the S&P 500 and BSE 500 indices, which represent over 95% of the market capitalization of Indian listed companies. Management and shareholder resolutions passed in the Annual General Meetings (AGMs) held in 2013 for these companies have been analyzed. Continue Reading →
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Infosys (INFY) Tops Governance List: Honor or Scam?

I was delighted to see that one of the stocks in my portfolio, Infosys ($INFY), has been ranked #1 in corporate governance by IR Global Rankings (“IRGR”). (Infosys is number one for corporate governance practices: IR Global Rankings, The Economic Times, 12/13/2012) That sounds like quite an achievement. Unfortunately, when I tried to find more about the basis of the award, I couldn’t really verify the assessment. From what I know, Infosys has better corporate governance than most, but is it really the best? Continue Reading →

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Recent Research on SSRN

Abstracts from a few papers posted this month to the Social Science Research Newtork.

Hall, Thomas W. and Jörgensen, Fredrik A., Ownership and Performance in Europe (2012). Forthcoming, Review of Business. The authors consider the relationship between performance and ownership concentration in a large number of publicly traded and privately held companies located in smaller European economies (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Ireland, and Ukraine). Continue Reading →

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Indian Mutual Funds Need to Improve Proxy Voting Policies and Practices

India’s InGovern Research Services Pvt. Ltd. “assists financial institutions and investors that have financial, investment or reputational exposure to public-listed companies in India by providing our clients with corporate governance reports, proxy analysis and proxy voting solutions.”  Their recent report, Analysis of Mutual Funds Voting for 2011-12, finds little progress when it comes to mutual funds participating in corporate governance and taking their fiduciary responsibilities regarding proxy voting seriously. Continue Reading →

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India's Cross Border Deals Point to Needed Reforms

To do more jumbo deals in a tougher world, Indian firms need to tackle a glaring area of weakness. This is their complex structures, which mean cash flows are spread thinly, and their dislike of issuing equity for fear of diluting their controlling shareholders. Both factors combined make it hard to marshal resources without resorting to risky levels of debt. India’s second-biggest group, Reliance Industries, scores well on the first count, and has the financial firepower to spend perhaps $15 billion safely. But few others do. On February 25th Vedanta, a London-listed natural-resource firm with assets mainly in India, launched an operation to merge its domestic units and clear up a sprawling empire. More firms need to do the same.

That’s the conclusion of Running with the bulls: Are Indian firms really going to take over the world?, The Economist, 3/3/2012. Although they’ve gotten a lot of press, India’s share of global cross-border deals by value has been relatively small, about the same as buyers from Brazil and Russia, well China. Moving away from holding chains with dominant shareonwers may hold a key to enabling more promising acquisitions.

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Deadline for Golden Peacock Awards: September 14

If you know of good candidates for the Golden Peacock Awards, instituted by Institute of Directors in 1992, now is the time to get nominations in, since they are due September 14, 2011. Below are the categories:

A.      Golden Peacock Global Awards

  1. Sustainability
  2. Excellence in Corporate Governance

B.       Golden Peacock National Awards

  1. Climate Security
  2. Sustainability
  3. Excellence in Corporate Governance
  4. Innovation Management

The application form cum guidelines can be obtained by sending an Continue Reading →

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India Against Corruption

Employees replaced their jackets with white tees imprinted with “India Against Corruption” slogan. On 24 August 2011, Bangroleans formed a 17-kilometer human chain on outer ring road to protest against corruption. Finally, the middle class Indians have discarded their cloak of apathy. Passion, enthusiasm and commitment to change the system is replacing cynicism, skepticism and disillusionment.

Indian public supports Anna Hazare’s fight for a strong Lokpal Bill. The bill when implemented will hopefully reduce demand side of corruption. In the din, we are forgetting that demand and Continue Reading →

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